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Fundamentals of pediatric oncology (Electronic educational course, 36 hours)

Audience category: doctors-specialists in the areas of training: "Pediatric Oncology", "Pediatrics", "Oncology", "Pediatric Surgery", "Radiotherapy", "Palliative Care", "Hematology", " General Medical Practice (Family Medicine)»

Form of training: part-time.

Relevance:

In the Russian Federation, as in most developed countries of the world, there is a tendency to a steady increase in the incidence of malignant neoplasms. In the structure of mortality of the population of our country, malignant neoplasms occupy the second place-after diseases of the cardiovascular system.

Evidence of a problem in the organization of early detection of malignant tumors is a high rate of neglect, which in some oncological diseases reaches more than 30%. In recent years, characterized by great socio-economic changes, despite the lack of funding for medicine, scientific research continues to improve the results of treatment of cancer patients.

According to Rosstat, in 2018, the number of children with malignant neoplasms was a record. There were 21248 cases of cancer in children under 14 years of age and 5707 cases in children from 15 to 17 years of age. These are the highest figures since 2008. President of the National Medical Research Center for Pediatric Hematology, Oncology, and Immunology. Dmitry Rogachev, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexander Rumyantsev said that this is a positive indicator.

Positive figures, reflecting an increase in the dispensary group of children who have suffered from cancer, due to effective treatment (more than 80% of patients have a relapse-free course of the disease for more than five years). Extensive experience has been gained in the use of fundamentally new approaches to surgical, combined and complex treatment of patients with malignant tumors, which have significantly improved the 5-year survival rate of patients. All of the above dictates the need for a deep and comprehensive development of professional competence and professional training of a pediatric oncologist in the NMO system.

The formation of basic, fundamental medical knowledge is necessary for the training of a qualified pediatric oncologist who has a system of universal, professional competencies, is able and ready for independent professional activity in the conditions of primary health care, specialized, including high-tech, medical care, emergency, including specialized, medical care, palliative care.

The scope of application of the acquired competencies: work in the oncology office of a district hospital, a city polyclinic, in an inter-district advisory oncology office, multidisciplinary hospitals, in an oncology dispensary, departmental medical organizations,medical structures of non-state ownership.

According to the results of the development of the program "Fundamentals of Pediatric Oncology", the student should know:

1. General knowledge: issues of pediatric oncology, namely:

  1. Types of tumors and tumor-like processes;
  2. Morphogenesis of tumors;
  3. Modern ideas about the mechanisms of tumor development;
  4. Fundamentals of experimental and clinical oncology.

2. Special knowledge:

  1. Policy documents regulating the activities of an oncologist;
  2. Principles of organization of the oncological service;
  3. Questions of etiology, pathogenesis and prevention of various nosological forms of cancer;
  4. Cancer screening;
  5. Cancer Clinic;
  6. Methods of primary and clarifying diagnosis of some malignant neoplasms;
  7. Methods of combined, complex treatment, radiation and drug therapy, surgical treatment of all nosologies of malignant neoplasms;
  8. Principles of dispensary follow-up in cancer patients and patients with precancerous diseases.

3. Knowledge of related and related disciplines:

    1. Legal aspects of medical activity in palliative oncology;
    2. Mechanisms of pain syndrome in cancer patients;
    3. Mechanism and course of individual symptoms and syndromes of cachexia, anorexia, vomiting symptom, constipation symptom, diarrhea, renal and hepatic insufficiency syndrome in cancer patients;
    4. The possibilities of modern medicine for providing palliative care to cancer patients.

The purpose of the program is to train a qualified doctor who has a system of professional competencies, is able and ready for professional activity in the specialized field of pediatric oncology, and to acquire practical skills necessary for independent work.

Course author: Ramazanova Madina Sultanovna, PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of Oncology, Kirov State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia

Course program

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