Arterial hypertension or hypertension - a persistent increase in blood pressure (BP) above 130/80 mmHg is the most common disease among the adult population of the developed countries of the world. In Russia, about 40% of the adult population suffer from high blood pressure, and about 15% of people develop persistent arterial hypertension.
Causes and risk factors:
- stress, mental strain;
- sedentary behavior, obesity, smoking, alcohol abuse;
- genetic predisposition;
- diabetes mellitus;
- kidney diseases.
What is the danger of arterial hypertension?
May cause the development of:
- myocardial infarction;
- acute cerebrovascular accident;
- chronic diseases of the heart, brain, kidneys, and eyes.
Prolonged or malignant course of arterial hypertension leads to significant damage to the arterioles of target organs (eyes, heart, kidneys, brain) and instability of their blood circulation.
The life expectancy of middle-aged patients suffering from arterial hypertension does not exceed 20-30 years, and at high risk-10 years! Therefore, to improve the quality and duration of life, early diagnosis and timely treatment are necessary.
Diagnosis and treatment.
In case of arterial hypertension, it is recommended:
- compliance with a diet with a restriction of table salt and an increased content of magnesium and potassium;
- abstinence from alcohol and smoking;
- normalization of body weight;
- increasing the level of physical activity (walking, physical therapy, swimming).
Diagnosis of arterial hypertension is the most important stage in the treatment and prevention of chronic disease. A timely diagnosis can help the patient quickly normalize blood pressure and avoid serious complications. It is also important to consult an experienced doctor who will quickly select the optimal treatment regimen for hypertension individually.
Specialists of the MCSC will help you assess the risks of developing hereditary arterial hypertension. Also in our Center, you can undergo a study to determine the genetic polymorphisms associated with the risk of developing hypertension. This study will make it possible to make a modern diagnosis of the genetic predisposition to the disease, and, consequently, to take preventive measures and reduce the risks.