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Breast lipoma

Breast lipoma is a benign process characterized by the presence of a formation in the subcutaneous adipose tissue with a predominant content of adipose tissue.
The causes of lipoma are not fully known. It is possible that they may be caused by a previous breast injury. However, it is not clear whether the injury is the cause of the lipoma formation, or whether the lipoma is detected as a result of a medical examination of this area.

Lipoma risk factors:

  • Genetic (hereditary) conditions, such as Gardner's syndrome and hereditary multiple lipomatosis, cause a person to form multiple lipomas
  • The most common lipomas occur in patients aged 40-60 years

Often, breast lipomas are asymptomatic and are an accidental finding during a routine instrumental examination.

In some cases, the following manifestations may occur:

  • painless, palpable, mobile formation in the mammary gland
  • feeling of discomfort, soreness in the mammary gland

List of necessary examinations:

  • consultation with an oncologist-mammologist, including discussion of disturbing symptoms, examination of the mammary glands
  • digital mammography (from 39-40 years old). With a radiologically dense background, a mammologist may recommend breast tomosynthesis
  • ultrasound examination of the mammary glands (ultrasound)

The above methods of examination do not require special training.

In some cases, on the recommendation of an oncologist-mammologist, it is possible to perform a puncture fine-needle aspiration biopsy (PTAB) under ultrasound control with subsequent cytological examination.

In the absence of disturbing symptoms, the main treatment is dynamic follow-up, which includes regular follow-up by an oncologist-mammologist and the necessary studies (ultrasound, mammography).

The question of surgical treatment is decided on an individual basis, taking into account the data obtained as a result of a comprehensive examination.

The current forecast is favorable. Breast lipomas are not associated with an increased risk of breast cancer.

GBUZ Moscow Clinical Scientific Center named after Loginov MHD Social network presence: