Obesity and its associated diseases are a very urgent problem of modern medicine.
- According to the World Health Organization, obesity is characterized as a "non-infectious epidemic of the XXI century". The number of obese patients reaches 1.7 billion worldwide. In Russia, about 25% of the population suffers from severe obesity, and about 30% more from overweight. In many other developed countries, the number of obese patients is even higher.
- Dangerous concomitant diseases, namely-type 2 diabetes, arterial hypertension, sleep apnea syndrome, diseases of large joints, spine, gout and a number of other diseases – are much more often detected in patients with severe obesity than without it. The progression of these diseases with age leads to disability and significantly increases the risk of premature death.
- Despite the wide variety of proposed means to reduce excess body weight, conservative treatment of obesity is ineffective. A completely successful and sustainable effect of conservative treatment of severe (morbid) obesity is an impossible task for most of these patients.
- To date, bariatric surgery is the most effective and reliable method of treatment for morbid obesity worldwide. The operation aimed at limiting the amount of food consumed and reducing its absorption leads to a pronounced and, most importantly, sustained weight loss, as well as to the regression of most concomitant diseases. The effect of bariatric surgery persists for life, as a rule, does not require a strict diet and leads to a significant improvement in the quality and increase in life expectancy.
- After various bariatric operations, there are also various complications. Fortunately, this is quite rare, but every patient should be informed about the risk of developing it.