Gout is a disease associated with a violation of purine metabolism (excessive breakdown of proteins) and the inability of the kidneys to remove uric acid from the body, as a result, uric acid salts are deposited in the joints and tissues of the body.
Gout is called a disease of improper lifestyle.
Causes of the disease:
excessive alcohol consumption,
excessive consumption of foods containing purines (fish, meat, smoked meat, canned food, beef and pork liver, kidneys, fried meat dishes, mushrooms and other goodies).
What are purines?
Purines are substances from which uric acid is formed. An increase in the level of uric acid in the blood, in people predisposed to gout, leads to the deposition of uric acid crystals in the tissues, which leads to the development of inflammation.
What causes the deposition of uric acid?
Excessive amounts of uric acid can lead to the formation of kidney stones and, if left untreated, can lead to the development of chronic kidney failure. The deposition of uric acid in the joints leads to their inflammation - arthritis.
In gouty arthritis, the first toes of the feet are most often affected at the beginning of the disease, they turn red, swell and hurt very much.
If you do not start treatment in time and do not change your lifestyle, then arthritis repeats itself again and again, affecting all new joints, leading to the formation of contractures (restriction of movement in the joints) and chronicling the process.
With prolonged absence of treatment, uric acid deposits can form tofuses. Tofuses not only change the appearance of a person, but also disrupt the function of the joints, leading to disability. But do not despair, tophusy dissolve! But for this, you should follow the doctor's recommendations for a long time.
Specialists of the Department of Rheumatology of the MCSC named after A. S. Loginov will conduct a comprehensive examination, select the optimal treatment for you, tell you how to change your lifestyle, cope and avoid an attack of gouty arthritis.