Colon cancer screening
Colon cancer is one of the most common cancers.
In recent years, there has been a significant increase in this pathology, especially among urban residents. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), colorectal cancer occupies the 3rd place in the structure of cancer incidence. More than 1 million cases of colon cancer are diagnosed each year. 600 thousand people die every year from this pathology. Untimely diagnosis and late treatment in specialized medical institutions leads to the fact that 30% of patients are diagnosed with stage IV of the disease-the presence of distant metastases is established. At the same time, the main factor determining the prognosis in oncological pathology and, in particular, in colon cancer, is early diagnosis.
The overall five-year survival rate in patients with stage I - disease is >80%; in stage II-75-80%; in stage III – 75-30%; in stage IV – does not exceed 5%.
At the current level of medical development, a cancer diagnosis is not a verdict! You just need to start treatment early! To do this, you need to make an early diagnosis! Given that colon cancer manifests itself and begins to worry only in the later stages, it is vital to conduct regular examinations, even if nothing bothers.
The frequency of malignant neoplasms in various parts of the colon
The main method of diagnosing colorectal cancer - the gold standard is colonoscopy.
Younger patients, in the presence of complaints from the colon (constipation, diarrhea, anal itching, blood admixture in the stool,
the feeling of incomplete emptying of the rectum, the presence of abdominal pain, false urge to defecate, discomfort during the act of defecation), it is also necessary to undergo an examination to exclude cancer.
At the Central Research Institute of Gastroenterology, the colon cancer screening program includes the following examinations:
2. Ultrasound diagnostics;
3. Study of the level of cancer markers in the blood
(REA, SA 19.9);
4. Examination of feces for hidden blood
5. Diagnosis of genetically determined syndromes that increase the risk of developing cancer of the colon (Lynch syndrome, Familial adenomatous polyposis, etc.)
6. Consultation of a coloproctologist.
At the Moscow Clinical Research and Practice Center, the screening program is conducted by leading Russian specialists. You can also undergo a colonoscopy under anesthesia completely painlessly.